The 2nd Sahara Scientists Summit (2nd 3S) was held on 07th March 2017 in Esztergom a Royal Coronation Town of Hungary. It was organised as an important event of the prestigious 24th International Energy and Innovation Forum (the 24th NEIF 07-09 March 2017).
The Summit was organised under the aegis of the Budapest Chamber of Commerce and Industry Energy Section (BKIK EszO) by the SUNWO Plc.
The real success of the 2nd Summit can be well characterised by the number and rank of the attendees. 150 participants from 9 nations were present among them ambassador, consul and scientist from different academies. In the bilingual (English talks with simultaneous Hungarian translation) Summit – this time also – a fairly complex program was on the agenda:
Dr. József Steier – President of the Budapest Chamber of Commerce and Industry Energy Section, Chairman of the Organizing Committee, Opening speech
Dr. Norbert Kroó – Presidential adviser at Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), member of HAS, Science and innovation
Dr. János Mika – Climate researcher, Eszterházy Károly University, Climate change at halfway between two IPCC Reports
Márton Steier– financial specialist, Green bonds
Dr. Stanisław Kaniszewski – Professor, Research Institute of Horticulture, Poland, Lignite – substrate for plant cultivation
Dr. László Csernai DSc. – Professor in Physics at Bergen University, Norway, Energy and sustainable development
Dr. Pál Kovács – presidential adviser at Paks Nuclear Power Plant, Future of floating NPPs and international modelling
Dr. Martin Fernø – Professor, University of Bergen, Norvay, CO2 storage with Norvegian scientific background
Dr. József Steier – Professor, Abomey Calavi University, Benin, COP 22 innovation: CO2 open field fertilisation, change of paradigm in CO2 positioning
In his opening speech Prof Steier reminded the participant on an important advice of His Majesty the King of Morocco Mohammed VI, during the COP 22 „it’s time to Action”! The global sustainability is in a serious danger and has already been deeply influencing the world economy with unpredictable effects like deforestation, famine and migration. Global responses (actions) are required on scientific basis, with extended innovation and in great enough sizes to save the Globe for us and for our children.
The 2nd 3S offered a global view on the challenges and achievements of the science and the physical basis of sustainable development (Prof Kroó and Prof Csernai), while Prof Mika reported on the up-to-date climate change halfway between two IPCC reports.
A young financial expert, Márton Steier through the Green Bond instruments, tackled important issue the financing of sustainable programs.
To reduce soil degradation, support greenhouse cultivation in the deserted area and that of the Green Sahara options with reforestation Prof Stanisław Kaniszewski from Poland introduced a special lignite based substrate.
It’s obvious that all green approaches to mitigate climate change requires freshwater supply which is on edge in the Sahara region due to exhausted fossil water reserves underlined the Chairman.
Pál Kovács introduced a new application of the small size floating nuclear power plants (NPP’s) which – by using the heat and electricity generated by the reactors – could efficiently support the African continent coastal revitalisation. It can provide desalinated seawater to rehabilitate and restore the coastal rain forest while improving the natural rain flow through the improvement of local depression.
Prof Martin Fernø from the European Academy of Science gave us details on the current research with Carbon Capture Utilisation and Storage (CCUS) at Bergen University where Norway is well ahead the world. He had a well embedded talk concerning the next lecture by Prof Steier combining the European Commission supported CCUS with a CO2 fertilisation and a paradigm change for a progressive paradigm change.
COP 22 innovation: CO2 open field fertilisation, change of paradigm in CO2 appreciation was presented by Prof Steier who most recently was a winner of an innovation label of the COP 22, Marrakech forum with his demonstration project for progressive climate mitigation. The solution can support the current Green Morocco program with the oasis rehabilitation as well as the Great Green Sahara Initiatives such as Great Green Wall or the Green Sahara Project.
In his closing speech Prof Steier underlined that complex, science based synthesised solutions are required which can provide optimised, progressive solution in climate mitigation battle where – from a waste product – CO2 will soon become a most useful fertiliser in the world regreening and desert rehabilitation programs.
The Chairman has also announced that the steering committee of 3S has been investigating a new place for its 3rd gathering in South of Morocco, in the Gate of the Sahara with the Chamber of Agriculture of Dakhla Ed Dahab. Moreover, a consultation will start with Crans Montana Forum and the 2nd Agriculture Expo of Dakhla to work together on these important world issues.
Finally the Chairman thanked all speakers and visitors for their contributions to the successful event and also expressed his gratitude to the co-organisers Mrs Renáta Gyarmati and Mrs Anikó Pék for their excellent job.
Esztergom, 10 March 2017
Prof Dr. József Steier
Chairman of 3S Organizing Committee